This list includes some useful verbs to know.
|きく||聞く||kiku||to listen; to hear|
|はなす||話す||hanasu||to speak; to talk|
|あう||会う||au||to meet; to see (a person)|
|ある||-||aru||there is; there exists; to be (inanimate)|
|とる||採る||toru||to take (pictures)|
|おきる||起きる||okiru||to get up|
|みる||見る||miru||to look; to see; to watch|
|いる||-||iru||there is; there exists; to be (animate)|
I recommend you save this picture and use it to study.
A few things to note:
- The verb ある is for inanimate (nonliving) things whereas いる is for animate (living) things. For example, if you say you have an apple, you would use ある (りんごがあります = ringo ga arimasu). If you say that you have a cat, you would use いる (ねこがいます = neko ga imasu). To use ある for living things would mean they are dead, and it is not considered grammatically correct.
-Not all verbs have kanji, such as ある, いる and する. They are usually written in kana alone. On the other hand, some verbs may have more than one acceptable kanji, such as あう (会う and 逢う).
-A lot of verbs will consist of a word, usually a noun, with する (to do) attached to it, such as べんきょうする (to study). べんきょう by itself means study, but by adding する to it, it becomes a verb.
-The particles I list is to help you as a beginner, and are not particularly the only particles that can be used for that verb. Practice these particles and remember which ones are properly used for each verb.