Monday, March 4, 2013

A List of Verbs 1

I will begin a new set of posts every here and there just providing Japanese words. As I need an organized way of growing and adding vocabulary, I will post words, their kanji, and meaning, and I will also attach a picture that includes them for easier studying. If you ever forget a word and want to search for which post has the word, you can just use the search function.

This list includes some useful verbs to know.

Verb Kanji Romaji Meaning
いく 行く iku to go
かえる 帰る kaeru to return
きく 聞く kiku to listen; to hear
のむ 飲む nomu to drink
はなす 話す hanasu to speak; to talk
よむ 読む yomu to read
あう 会う au to meet; to see (a person)
ある - aru there is; there exists; to be (inanimate)
かう 買う kau to buy
かく 書く kaku to write
とる 採る toru to take (pictures)
まつ 待つ matsu to wait
わかる 分かる wakaru to understand
おきる 起きる okiru to get up
たべる 食べる taberu to eat
ねる 寝る neru to sleep
みる 見る miru to look; to see; to watch
いる - iru there is; there exists; to be (animate)
くる 来る kuru to come
する - suru to do
べんきょうする 勉強する benkyousuru to study

I recommend you save this picture and use it to study.

A few things to note:

- The verb ある is for inanimate (nonliving) things whereas いる is for animate (living) things. For example, if you say you have an apple, you would use ある (りんごがあります = ringo ga arimasu). If you say that you have a cat, you would use いる (ねこがいます = neko ga imasu). To use ある for living things would mean they are dead, and it is not considered grammatically correct.

-Not all verbs have kanji, such as ある, いる and する. They are usually written in kana alone. On the other hand, some verbs may have more than one acceptable kanji, such as あう (会う and 逢う).

-A lot of verbs will consist of a word, usually a noun, with する (to do) attached to it, such as べんきょうする (to study). べんきょう by itself means study, but by adding する to it, it becomes a verb.

-The particles I list is to help you as a beginner, and are not particularly the only particles that can be used for that verb. Practice these particles and remember which ones are properly used for each verb.

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